DISTRICT INDUSTRY CENTER VIRUDHUNAGAR DISTRICT

DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIES AND COMMERCE

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LOCATION

  • Virudhunagar surrounded by Madurai District on the North.
  • Sivaganga and Ramanathapuram on the north East and East.
  • Tirunelveli on the South and Western Ghat on the West.
  • District area 4222 Sq.km.

CLIMATE AND RAINFALL

  • Generally hot and dry with a low degree of humidity.
  • Receives scantly rainfall. The average annual rainfall is only 987.7 mm.
  • The frequent drought caused by the failure of the monsoon adversely affect the dry crops depending upon rain fed tanks for irrigation.
  • District area 4222 Sq.km.

TEMPERATURE

  • Maximum 38.2 Degree C
  • Minimum 17.9 Degree C

MINERAL WEALTH

  • District consists of RED LOAM, RED CLAY LOAM, RED SAND,BLACK CLAY and BLACK LOAM in large areas.
  • Small extents of black sand cotton soil found in Sattur and Aruppukottai Taluk.
  • LIMESTONE is the most important mineral.
  • In Sattur Taluk, Cement grade limestone is available in abundance.
  • Nearly 12 million tonnes of limestone deposit have been estimated in Alangulam Area.
  • Another reserve of about 2.5 million tonnes of LIMESTONES has been recorded at Kakkivadampatti.
  • Reserves at Pandalkudi, Chettiarpatti and Velayuthapuram Village of Aruppukottai Taluks.
  • There are two large-scale cement factories functioning one at Thulukkapatti in Private Sector another one at Alangulam in Public sector.
  • There is a small occurrence of GYPSUM deposit in Thenkarai and Korukkampatti village of Rajapalayam and Sattur Taluks and BLACK GRANITE deposit in Sattur Taluk.

RIVERS AND FORESTS

  • No perennial river in this District.
  • Seasonal rivers are Arjuna Nadhi and Vaippar in Sattur Taluk and Gundar in Aruppukottai Taluk.
  • Area under forest in this District is only 259 square kilometers.
  • Major forest area is in the western ghat in Srivilliputhur Taluk and is rich in TEAKWOOD and other tropical trees. PLANTAIN, MANGO, ORANGE, LIME, GUAVA are largely grown in the western ghat slope.

POPULATION AND OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN

  • Population as per 2001 census was 17.52 lakhs.
  • Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes was 3.15 lakhs accounting for 18%.
  • The rural population constitutes 55%.
  • The total literates is 74%.
  • The District has a population density of 371 persons per square KM.
  • The percentage of workers to total population is 32.
  • More than two third of the population derive employment from agriculture.

IRRIGATION

  • Absence of dependable irrigation sources such as perennial rivers.
  • 33% of the cultivated area is classified as irrigated area.
  • Assured irrigation is available only for 57% through the wells.
  • Remaining area being irrigated by rain fed tanks.
  • Two reservoirs, namely periyar and kovilar and small reservoirs like Anaikuttam, Kullursandai, Vembakkottai and Golwarpatti.

Area Irrigated by

  • Government canals : N I L
  • Tanks : 17025
  • Wells : 26920
  • Wells (Supplementing other sources): 5061
  • Other sources : 33
  • Area irrigated more than once (in ha): 3509
  • Net area irrigate (in ha) : 61264
  • Gross are irrigated (in ha) : 64773

AGRICULTURE

  • The economy is predominantly agriculture.
  • Paddy is the most predominant crop, being cultivated in 17420 hectares.
  • Cotton is the most important crop grown in 34351 hectares.
  • CUMBU, CHOLAM, RAGI, VARAGU, CHILLIES, BLACKGRAM, HORSEGRAM, GROUNDNUT AND GINGELLY are important crops grown in the district.
  • The North – East Monsoon is preferred for raising dry crops in all over the District.
  • The improved farm machinery is not much common in this District.
  • Only a few progressive farmers use improved farm machinery and implements.

TOTAL AREA

  • Wet Land : 39,651 Hec
  • Dry land : 2,77,328 Hec
  • Garden Land : 31,624 Hec.
  • Net cultivable Area( in ha.) : 1,37,255
  • Non cultivable area ( in ha.) : 1,58,471

Administrative Set up

  • No. of Development District : 1
  • No. of Revenue Division : 2
  • No. of Revenue Taluks : 8
  • No. of Town Panchayats : 9
  • No. of Revenue Villages : 600
  • No. of Village Panchayats : 450
  • No. of Municipalities : 6
  • No. of Panchayats Unions : 11

Taluks

  • Aruppukottai
  • Virudhunagar
  • Sattur
  • Srivilliputhur
  • Rajapalayam
  • Tiruchuli
  • Sivakasi
  • Kariapatti

Blocks

  • Aruppukottai
  • Virudhunagar
  • Sattur
  • Srivilliputhur
  • Rajapalayam
  • Tiruchuli
  • Sivakasi
  • Kariapatti
  • Vembakottai
  • Watrap
  • Narikudi

Municipal Councils

  • Aruppukottai
  • Virudhunagar
  • Sattur
  • Srivilliputhur
  • Rajapalayam
  • Thiruthangal
  • Sivakasi

Live Stock Population

  • Buffaloes : 22,455
  • Cows, Plough Animals : 1,29,627
  • Sheep : 1,68,664
  • Goats : 3,25,823
  • Poultry Birds : 3,76,721

Animal Husbandry

  • No.of veterinary dispensaries : 28
  • No. of key village centres: 20
  • No. of veterinary surgeons: 29
  • Length of coastal line (in km): NIL
  • Fish catch (in ton) inland fishing: 33,590
  • There are two milk – chilling plants one at Virudhunagar another one at Srivilliputhur.
  • The District offers considerable scope for development of sheep rearing.
  • This District has a sizeable sheep population 1,65,416 but they are often of low genetic potential.
  • Sheep population is rich in Aruppukottai, Sattur and Srivilliputhur Taluks.
  • Hot climate, mortality rate of birds high cost of food etc., are some of the significant factors arrest the development of poultry in this District.